The currency strengthened to a record high against the US dollar in early 2020 as investors sought out emerging markets amid concerns about the global economy. There are a number of different banknotes and coins in circulation. The coins come in denominations of 1c, 2c, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, R1, R2, and R5. In 2012, the country began issuing its banknotes featuring an image of former South African President and anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela. In 2018, the country also issued commemorative banknotes of all its denominations, imprinted with new images of Mandela. As of 2020, the USD/ZAR exchange rate is approximately 15 ZAR/1 USD.

Trading in USD gives you no advantage or edge over a ZAR denominated account. In fact, it will allow you to trade smaller values per pip in most cases. So what do you do as a South Africa trader, which account currency do you choose? Since the end of apartheid in 1994, the South African Central Bank has adopted policy measures to help support the country’s transition to a free-market economy.

The controversial land reform programme that was initiated in Zimbabwe, followed by the September 11, 2001 attacks, propelled it to its weakest historical level of R13.84 to the dollar in December 2001. Keep in mind that exchanging currency often comes with added fees that a conversion calculator won’t be able to predict. For instance, credit card companies and ATM networks usually charge a 1% conversion fee on all foreign transactions. Individual merchants may also charge supplemental fees if you ask them to convert the price of an item to your home currency at checkout. Live tracking and notifications + flexible delivery and payment options.

An important aspect to understand when trading in either account currencies, What is Leverage? There is no right or wrong, as long as you can make the judgement call and be happy with it 12-months down the line, good or bad. This is why a broker with ZAR account options play an important factor in your overall decision. The moral of the story is if you are willing to take the risk, or know enough to analyse the currency pair. Another important factor is how urgently you need your USD converted to ZAR.

  1. Another is South Africa’s high level of unemployment, which could hamper economic growth and lead to more rand-negative news.
  2. The 1978 series began with denominations of 2, 5, 10 and 20 rand, with a 50 rand introduced in 1984.
  3. Like many dollar-denominated currencies, the rand is divided into 100 cents.
  4. In recent years, the rand is somewhat correlated with gold prices as the South African economy still relies on its gold exports.

These are the lowest points the exchange rate has been at in the last 30 and 90-day periods. These are the highest points the exchange rate has been at in the last 30 and 90-day periods. Interestingly, the SARB remains a wholly-owned private entity with more than 800 shareholders, who are regulated by owning less than 1% of the total number of outstanding shares. This is to ensure that the interests of the economy precede those of any private individual.

00000 USD = 18.57580 ZAR

The pound is the official currency of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The pound sterling is the fourth most-traded currency in the foreign exchange market. The central bank has also implemented several other policy measures, including low inflation and high reserve requirements. These policies have helped to keep the currency fairly stable against other major currencies. The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) is the central bank of South Africa and is responsible for the country’s monetary policy.

Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Both CFDs and cryptocurrencies are complex leveraged instruments and carry a high level of risk.

Brokers with ZAR Account – ZAR vs USD

During British occupation, in 1826, the Cape Colony was put on a sterling basis, though other currencies, including Spanish Dollars, US Dollars, French Francs, and Indian Rupees continued to circulate. In 1921, the Reserve Bank of South Africa was established as the central bank. In 1961, the South African Rand replaced the Pound under a decimalized system. Like many dollar-denominated currencies, the rand is divided into 100 cents. All South African coins and banknotes are produced and issued by the country’s central bank, the South African Reserve Bank.

United States Dollar Exchange Rate

Looking ahead, the currency is likely to continue to see volatile swings as it feels the effects of global economic and political developments. The currency has recovered but remains highly vulnerable to global fibonacci pattern forex economic and political uncertainties. In recent years, the ZAR has been one of the most volatile currencies, and its value has been highly affected by political and economic events in South Africa.

The recovery was short-lived, however, and by the end of 1989, the rand was trading at more than R2.50 per dollar. The rand was also legal tender in Botswana until 1976, when the pula replaced the rand at par. Once you know that information, multiply the amount you have in USD by the current exchange rate. The resulting number will show you the amount of rands that you have to spend on your trip. The other option is to do the calculation manually using a simple mathematical formula.

A series of exchange rate realignments, culminating in the ZAR/USD peg of 14 February 1986, followed by a managed float regime from 17 March 1992, has made its value relatively stable. In recent years, however, the currency has been relatively weak due to concerns about South Africa’s political and economic stability. Using a currency conversion calculator is often the easiest way to get an estimate when you’re converting currency. Since exchange rates fluctuate on a daily basis, using a calculator can ensure your math is correct. You can send a variety of international currencies to multiple countries reliably, quickly, and safely, and at a rate cheaper than most banks. South Africa experienced major political changes in the early 1990s.

South African ZAR coins all bear the same obverse of the state coat of arms with a sprig of Rand behind it. Take your learning and productivity to the next level with our Premium Templates. Access data dating back to 1990 for over 38,000 FX pairs, with charting capabilities and each exporting options. During the global coronavirus pandemic, the rand weakened to more than R17 per USD and, as of August 2021, settled to approximately R15 per USD.

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The bank implements monetary policy by setting interest rates and buying or selling foreign currency. The currency regularly weakens against major currencies due to South Africa’s political and economic uncertainty. In addition, the ZAR is affected by global factors such as the US dollar and Euro. The South African Reserve Bank mints and issues coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents, and in denominations of 1, 2, and 5 rands. Banknotes are printed and issued in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 rands. The all-time low exchange rate for the rand relative to the US dollar was reached in 2016 when it hit an exchange rate of just below 18 ZAR/1 USD.

Our currency rankings show that the most popular US Dollar exchange rate is the USD to USD rate. Gold is the country’s most exported good, representing 15% of total exports in 2019 or $16.8 billion. The September 11 attacks in 2001 created global uncertainty, and the rand took a steep dive, falling to R13 per U.S. dollar (USD). In 1986, following the substantial depreciation of the rand, the countries replaced the RMA with the Common Monetary Area (CMA) to manage monetary policy. The CMA and the Southern African Customs Union work together to help member nations.

The South African rand (ZAR) is the currency of South Africa and is issued by the South African Reserve Bank. The name is derived from the word ‘Witwatersrand’, which means ‘ridge of white waters’. The ridge is where most of South Africa’s gold deposits were found and where Johannesburg was built. The rand was introduced in 1961 and takes its name from the Witwatersrand, the ridge upon which Johannesburg is built and where most of South Africa’s gold deposits were found.

ZAR South African Rand